The risk of post-operative infection is increased by various factors:
- The age of an animal: very young or very old animals are more susceptible to infection
- Pre-existing systemic disease
- Administration of corticosteroids or other immunosuppressive drugs
- Stress, shock or hypothermia
- Poor surgical technique with failure to adhere to good surgical technique
- Use of immunosuppressed strains of animals (e.g. nude or
- Presence of foreign material e.g. indwelling cannula
- Virulence of bacteria in the environment and scale of any bacterial inoculum into the animal
- Operations with a high risk of compromised aseptic technique e.g. surgery on the gastro-intestinal tract
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Updated on 12th May 2020